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Multicultural Donation Statistics
Of the more than 120,000 patients on the national transplant list, there are 75,188 multicultural patients waiting for a life-saving transplant. Gift of Life is committed to providing knowledge and resources to members of our region to make sure every member is informed about correct organ and tissue donation information. Learn more about organ donation, and how the multicultural community is affected by donation.
Statistics Among Minority Communities
Organ Donation among African Americans
- African Americans represent 39% of people waiting for organ transplants in Gift of Life's service region, which includes Delaware, the eastern halfof Pennsylvania and southern New Jersey.
- African Americans make up 12% of the region's overall population, but represent 43 percent of patients on the kidney transplant waiting list.
- African Americans represent 16% of deceased donors and 10% of living donors to date.
- Of the more than 2,562 African Americans waiting for transplants this region, 90% are waiting for kidney transplants.
- In the 25-44 year-old age group, the rate of African Americans who have kidney failure caused by high blood pressure is 20 times higher than caucasians.
Organ Donation among Asians
- Asians represent 6.4% of patients on the national transplant waiting list.
- There are over 7,100 Asian candidates on the national transplant waiting list.
- On the national transplant waiting list for kidneys, over 6,285 candidates are Asian.
- In 2010, 1,308 Asian transplant candidates received a life saving transplant
Organ Donation among Hispanics
- Hispanics represent 19% of patients on the national transplant waiting list, most waiting for kidneys.
- Hispanics represent 13% of deceased donors in Gift of Life's region to date.
- Hispanics represent 7% of people waiting for organ transplants in Gift of Life's service region, which includes Delaware, the eastern half of Pennsylvania and southern New Jersey.
- There are more than 20,000 Hispanics on the organ transplant waiting list.
- While Hispanics make up approximately 16% of the total United States population, almost 18% of the more than 115,000 persons awaiting organ transplants are Hispanic.
- Hispanics, like other minorities, are three times more likely than Caucasians to suffer from end stage renal disease and diabetes.
- Tragically, every 10 minutes another patient is added to the waiting list and 18 people die each day due to lack of organs and tissues. Many thousands more await tissue transplants to restore their health, mobility and sight.
- Approximately 56% of all those awaiting organ transplants are minorities, In 2011, nearly 13% of organ donors were Hispanic.
Why is it important to discuss organ and tissue donation with family and friends?
- 91% of Americans support organ donation, but only 34% of Americans know how to become a donor in their state.
- 18 people die each day waiting for life saving transplants.
- One person can enhance or save more than 50 lives through organ and tissue donation.
- Between 10,000 and 12,000 people die annually who are considered medically suitable for organ donation, yet only an estimated 6,000 donate.
Common Myths About Donation
How are recipients matched to donors?
Individuals waiting for transplants are listed by the transplant center in their area. Their name then goes into a national computerized waiting list of potential transplants patients in the United States maintained by the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS). UNOS manages the national list to aid in matching donor organs with patients on the national waiting list and to coordinate efforts with transplant centers.
When donor organs become available, the organ procurement organization (OPO) such as Gift of Life provides UNOS with information about the medical characteristics of the donor and specific organs, including medical compatibility between the donor and potential recipient(s) on such characteristics as blood type, weight, and age; as well as the recipients' urgency of need; and length of time on waiting list. Waiting list patients in the OPO's local region are given the opportunity for the organs first. If no one is a match there, the organs are then offered to the region, and then nationally if necessary.
Will my decision to become an organ and tissue donor affect the quality of my medical care?
No. Organ and tissue recovery takes place only after all efforts to save your life have been exhausted and death has been declared. The doctors working to save your life are entirely separate from the medical team involved in recovering organs and tissues.
Does my religion approve of donation?
All of the major religions in this country approve of organ and tissue donation and consider it a gift - an act of charity. If you have questions, contact your religious advisor.
Does it cost anything to donate organ and tissues?
No. Donation costs nothing to the donor's family or estate.
Is there an age limit for donating organs?
No set age limit exists for organ donation. At the time of death, the potential donor's organs are evaluated to determine their suitability for donation. Therefore, people of any age wishing to become organ and tissue donors should indicate their decision to be an organ and tissue donor on their driver's license and inform their family that they wish to donate.
Lodging and Support
Thousands of patients come to Philadelphia hospitals every year needing life-saving organ transplants. Family House will provide critically needed support programs and temporary lodging for organ transplant patients and their families.
National Donor Sabbath,observed annually in November, seeks to educate faith-based communities about the need for organ, eye and tissue donors. Order free materials to celebrate National Donor Sabbath, taking place Nov. 14-16!